Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the capital of nation and a treasure house of ancient art and culture.
The Mechi river makes the eastern border between Darjeeling district of west Bengal of India and Nepal, while the Mahakali river (Sarda) is the western border between Garhwal of India and Nepal the southern border lies on northern edge of Indo-Gangetic plain i.e about 20 to 40 km south from the edge of the hill range. The total area of the country is 147181 sq km (83% of hill and 17% of the flat terrain of Terai).
Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. The mountainous north has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth. Nepal is the most beautiful and stunning Himalayan country in the world. Nepal and Himalayas-the two names go side by side. Nepal, in political maps, is one of the smallest countries of the world but has the amazingly diverse geography, landscapes, culture and traditions. Nepal is rich with traditions of art and culture. It is also said that Nepal is the flower garden of 4 Castes, 36 Division.